Trombone History Bibliography

These are the sources for this site’s Trombone History Timeline and Early Trombone Literature list. I heartily recommend further reading of the sources to get the full context of individual timeline entries. If you see that your favorite source is left out of this bibliography, please be patient; as I have said elsewhere, this is a work in progress. There are many more sources to come. Also, some materials that would not normally be considered primary sources (e.g., popular music history texts) are listed as such because they help trace popular opinion and perception of the trombone.

Looking for a shorter trombone history bibliography? See the mini-bibliography, which offers a starting point for research papers on the history of the trombone.


PRIMARY SOURCES (Pre-20th century)

Agazzari, Agostino. Del sonare sopra il basso. In Source Readings in Music History, vol. 3. ed. Oliver Strunk. New York: W. W. Norton, 1965. 64-71.

Agricola, Martin. Musica instrumentalis deudsch. Trans. and ed. William E. Hettrick. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.

Ahle, Johann Rudolf, “Herr, nun läßt Du Deinen Diener,” in Neu-gepflantzten Thüringischen Lust-Gartens Ander Theil (1658), for bass voice, four trombones, and basso continuo (Gorxheim: Parow’sche Musikalien, 1992). Howard Weiner performance edition.

Albrechtsberger, Johann Georg. Anweisung zur Composition. Leipzig: Breitkopf, 1790.

Albrechtsberger, Johann Georg. Sämmtliche Schriften. Ed. Ignaz Ritter von Seyfried. Vienna: Anton Strauss, 1826.

Albrechtsberger, Johann Georg. Sämmtliche Schriften über Generalbass. Trans. Arnold Merrick. London: R. Cock, 1844.

Arbeau, Thoinot. Orchesography: A Treatise in the Form of a Dialogue. Trans. Mary Stewart Evans. New York: Kamin Dance Publishers, 1948.

Artusi, Giovanni Maria. On the Imperfections of Modern Music in Music through Sources and Documents. Ed. Ruth Halle Rowen. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1979).

Ashbee, Andrew. Records of English Court Music. Vol. 1 (1660-1685). Kent, England: Andrew Ashbee, 1986.

Ashbee, Andrew. Records of English Court Music, Vol. 3 (1625-1649). Kent, England: Andrew Ashbee, 1988.

Avins, Styra and Josef Eisinger, “Six Unpublished Letters from Johannes Brahms” in For the Love of Music: Festschrift in Honor of Theodore Front, ed. Darwin F. Scott. Lucca, Italy: Lim antiqua, 2002.

Bacon, Francis. Sylva sylvarum, or, A naturall history in ten centuries. London: Printed for W. Lee, 1626. Electronic reproduction: Farmington Hills, MI: Thomson Gale, 2005.

Bardi, Giovanni de’, “Discorso mandato a Giulio Caccini” in Oliver Strunk, Source Readings in Music History: The Renaissance, vol. 2. New York: Norton, 1965, pp. 100-111.

Beethoven, Ludwig van, Alfred Christlieb Kalischer, J. S. Shedlock, and A. Eaglefield Hull. Beethoven’s Letters. New York: Dover Publications, 1972.

Berlioz, Hector. The Memoirs of Hector Berlioz. Trans. and ed. David Cairns. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2002.

Bertali, Antonio, 13 sonate manoscritte a 2, 3, 5 e 6 strumenti. Stuttgart : Cornetto, gedruckt in Lizenz von ; Cassano : Musedita, 2002.

Bertali, Antonio, Sonata Sublationis. Magdeburg, Germany: Edition Walhall, 2005.

Bonanni, Filippo. The Showcase of Musical Instruments. New York: Dover, 1964.

Bonini, Severo. Discorsi e Regole. Trans. MaryAnn Bonino. Provo, UT: Brigham Young University Press, 1979.

Bottrigari, Ercole. Il Desiderio. Bologna: Forni, 1969.

Bottrigari, Ercole. Il Desiderio, or, Concerning the playing together of various musical instruments. Trans. Carol MacClintock. Rome: American Institute of Musicology, 1962.

The British Chronologist Comprehending Every Material Occurrence, Ecclesiastical, Civil, or Military, Relative to England and Wales, from the Invasion of the Romans to the Present Time … to Which Is Added an Index to the Whole. London: Printed for G. Kearsley, 1775.

Bunyan, John. The pilgrim’s progress from this world to that which is to come. New ed., divided into chapters, with the life of the author. Newark, 1818.

Burgkmair, Hans. The Triumph of Maximilian I. Trans. Stanley Appelbaum. New York: Dover Publications, 1964.

Burney, Charles. An Account of the Musical Performances in Westminster-Abbey. New York: Da Capo Press, 1979.

Cavendish, George. The Life and Death of Cardinal Woolsey. Ed. Richard Standish Sylvester. London: Oxford University Press for the Early English Text Society, 1959.

Cellini, Benvenuto. The Autobiography of Benvenuto Cellini. Trans. George Bull. London: The Folio Society, 1966.

Cellini, Benvenuto. The Autobiography of Benvenuto Cellini. Trans. John Addington Symonds. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1948.

Cellini, Benvenuto. My Life. Trans. Julia Conaway Bondanella and Peter Bondanella. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Cellini, Benvenuto. The Life of Benvenuto Cellini: A New Version by Robert H. Hobart Cust. Trans. Robert H. Hobart Cust. London: The Navarre Society, Ltd., 1927.

Cellini, Benvenuto. Vita di Benvenuto Cellini. Firenze: Stamperia di Guglielmo Piatti, 1831.

Cerone, Pietro. El Melopeo y Maestro. Naples: J. B. Gargano and L. Nucci, 1613.

Coles, Elisha. An English Dictionary: Explaining the Difficult Terms That Are Used in Divinity, Husbandry, Physick, Phylosophy, Law, Navigation, Mathematicks, and Other Arts and Sciences. London: S. Collins, 1676.

Coon, Oscar. Harmony and Instrumentation: The Principles of Harmony with Practical Instruction in Arranging Music for Orchestras and Military Bands. Cincinnati, OH: A. Squire, 1883.

Cox, H. Bertram and C.L.E. Cox. Leaves from the Journals of Sir George Smart. London: Longmans, Green, and Co., 1907.

Day, Charles Russell and David James Blaikley. A Descriptive Catalogue of Musical Instruments Recently Exhibited at the Royal Military Exhibition, London, 1890. London: Eyre & Spottiswoode, 1891.

De Lafontaine, Henry Cart, ed. The King’s Musick: a Transcript of Records Relating to Music and Musicians (1460-1700). London: Novello, 1909.

Dilich, Wilhelm. Das ander buch von der Beschreibung dero fürstlichen Kindtauff Herrn Mauritii des andern Landgrafen zu Hessen. Wolfenbüttel, 1601. Electronic facsimile edition: Wolfenbütteler Digitale Bibliothek. Image accessed at

Dymoke, Tailboys. Caltha poetarum: or The bumble bee. Composed by T. Cutvvode Esquyre. London: Printed by Thomas Creede, for Richard Oliue, 1599. Electronic reproduction: Ann Arbor, MI: UMI.

Edgcumbe, Richard II. Musical Reminiscences, Chiefly Respecting the Italian Opera in England from the Year 1773 to the Present Time. 3rd ed. London: G. Clarke, 1828.

Englands Comfort, and Londons joy: Expressed in the Royall, Triumphant, and Magnificent entertainment of our Dread Soveraigne Lork King Charles, at his blessed and safe returne from Scotland. London, 1641. Digitized facsimile in Treasures in Full: Renaissance Festival Books. London: British Library (accessed January 2009 at

Fetis, F. J. “A Manual for Composers, Musical Directors, Leaders of Orchestras, & Bandsmen” in The Musical World: A Journal of Music, the Drama, Literature, Fine Arts, Foreign Intelligence, &c., and Complete Record of the theatres and the Concert Room, vol. XLV (1867), 477-478.

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von. Aus meinem Leben: Dichtung und Wahrheit. Munich: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag, 1962.

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von. The Autobiography of Johann von Goethe. Trans. John Oxenford. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1974.

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von. Goethe’s Autobiography: Poetry and Truth from My Life. Trans. R. O. Moon. London: A. Rivers, 1932.

Hall, Edward. Henry VIII. Ed. Charles Whibley. London: T.C. and E.C. Jack, 1904.

Henderson, William James. The Orchestra and Orchestral Music. Toronto: George N. Morang & Co., 1899.

Heylyn, Peter. A short view of the life and reign of King Charles (the second monarch of Great Britain) from his birth to his burial. London: Printed for Richard Royston at the Angel in Ivy-lane, 1658. Accessed from Early English Books Online.

Holmes, Edward. A Ramble Among the Musicians of Germany. New York: Da Capo Press, 1969.

Kastner, Georges. Manuel Général de Musique Militaire a l’Usage des Armées Françaises. Paris: Typographie de Firmin Didot Fréres, Imprimeurs de l’Institut de France, 1848 (Geneva: Minkoff Reprint, 1973).

Kling, H. Modern Orchestration and Instrumentation. New York, C. Fischer, 1902.

Kuhnau, Johann. The Musical Charlatan (Musikalische Quacksalber) trans. John R. Russell. Columbus, SC: Camden House, 1997.

La felice entrata dello imperatore in la citta famosa di Siena, co[n] li superbi apparati, [et] motti latini in lode di sua Maesta. Digitized facsimile in Treasures in Full: Renaissance Festival Books. London: British Library (accessed January 2009 at

“The Leeds Festival,” The Musical Standard. October 20, 1883, 240.

Luther, Martin. The Letters of Martin Luther. Selected and trans. Margaret A. Currie. London: Macmillan, 1908.

Macdonald, Hugh. Berlioz’s Orchestration Treatise: A Translation and Commentary. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.

Mathews, W.S.B. and Emil Liebling, Dictionary of Music. New York: The John Church Company, 1896.

Mattheson, Johann. Der vollkommene Capellmeister. Translated with critical commentary by Ernest C. Harris. Ann Arbor Michigan: UMI Research Press, 1981.

Mersenne, Marin. Harmonie Universelle, vol. 3. Paris: Editions du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 1975.

Mersenne, Marin. Harmonie Universelle. Trans. Roger E. Chapman. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1957.

Neville, Sylas Neville. The Diary of Sylas Neville 1767-1788. Ed. Basil Cozens-Hardy. London: Oxford University Press, 1950.

New-Orleans Commercial Bulletin, New Orleans, Lousisana, December 28, 1835; Issue 30.

A New and Complete Dictionary of Arts and Sciences; Comprehending All Branches of Useful Knowledge. London: Printed for W. Owen, 1763.

Nichols, John. The Progresses and Public Processions of Queen Elizabeth, vol. 1. New York: Burt Franklin, 1823.

Niecks, Frederick. A Concise Dictionary of Musical Terms: To Which is Prefixed an Introduction to the Elements of Music. London: Augener, 1884.

Niecks, Frederick. A Concise Dictionary of Musical Terms, 2nd ed. London: Augener Ltd., 1884.

Niedt, Friederich Erhardt. The Musical Guide (Die Musicalische Handleitung). Trans. Pamela L. Poudin and Irmgard C. Taylor. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989.

North, Francis. A philosophical essay of musick. London: Printed for John Martyn, Printer to the Royal Society, at the Bell in Saint Paul’s Church-Yard, 1677. Accessed on Early English books Online.

Milwaukee Daily Sentinel, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, February 17, 1852.

Novello, Vincent. A Mozart Pilgrimage: Being the Travel Diaries of Vincent and Mary Novello in the Year 1829. Transcribed and compiled by Nerina Medici di Marignano; edited by Rosemary Hughes. London: Ernst Eulenburg Ltd., 1975.

The Ohio Observer, Hudson, Ohio, January 19, 1843; p. 12; Issue 3.

Praetorius, Michael. Syntagma Musicum II. Translated and edited by David Z. Crookes. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1986.

Praetorius, Michael. Syntagma Musicum III. Translated by Jeffery T. Kite-Powell. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004.

The Raleigh News and Observer, Raleigh, North Carolina, October 1, 1882; Issue 159.

Rimsky-Korsakov, Nicolai. Principles of Orchestration. Translated by Edward Agate. New York: Kalmus, 1912 (original version, 1891).

Shaw, George Bernard. London Music in 1888-89 as Heard by Corno di Bassetto (Later Known as Bernard Shaw) with Some Further Autobiographical Particulars. New York: Vienna House, 1973.

Shaw, George Bernard. Music in London, 1890-1894. London: Constable and Co., 1932.

Smart, Peter. A sermon preached in the cathedral church of Durham. London: Printed by Bernard Alsop and Thomas Fawcet, 1640. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Digital Library Production Service, 2001.

Smart, Peter. A short treatise of altars, altar-furniture, altar-cringing, and musick of all the quire, singing-men and choristers. Durham, England, 1629. Reproduction of the originals in Durham Cathedral Library. Early English Books Online.

Spagnoli, Gina. Letters and Documents of Heinrich Schütz, 1656-1672: An Annotated Translation. Ann Arbor, MI: UMI Research Press, 1990.

Speer, Daniel. Vierfaches Musikalisches Kleeblatt. (Ulm, Germany, 1697) in Howey, Henry Eugene, A Comprehensive Performance Project in Trombone Literature with an Essay Consisting of a Translation of Daniel Speer’s Vierfaches Musikalisches Kleeblatt. DMA diss, University of Iowa, 1971.

Stevens, Denis. The Letters of Claudio Monteverdi. London: Cambridge University Press, 1980.

“A Succinct Account of the Coronation of their most Excellent Majesties King George III and Queen Charlotte, on Tuesday the 22d of September 1761,” The Royal Magazine or Gentleman’s Monthly Companion. London: Printed for J. Coote, at the King’s Arms, September, 1761.

Tovey, Donald Francis. Essays in Musical Analysis, vol. 5. London: Oxford University Press, 1972.

Virdung, Sebastian. Musica getutscht. Trans. Beth Bullard. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Virgiliano, Aurelio. Il dolcimelo (facsimile edition). Florence: Studio per Edizione Scelte, 1979.

Weigel, Johann Christoph. Musicalisches Theatrum (facsimile edition). Basel: Bärenreiter Kassel, 1964.

Whitelocke, Bulstrode. A Journal of the Swedish Embassy in the Years 1653 and 1654. Vol. 1. London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans, 1855.

Wilson, John, ed. Roger North on Music: Being a Selection from his Essays Written during the Years c. 1695-1728. London: Novello and Company Ltd., 1959.

PRIMARY SOURCES (20th century to present)

NB: Some sources that would not normally be considered primary sources (e.g., orchestration textbooks, popular music history texts) are listed in this category because they are being used as primary documents in tracing public opinion and perception of the trombone.

Abbott, Lawrence, “About Voices and Instruments” in Siegmeister, Elie, ed. The Music Lover’s Handbook. New York: William Morrow and Co., 1943.

Adler, Samuel. The Study of Orchestration. New York: W.W. Norton and Co., 1982.

Andrews, George W. History and Encyclopedia of Music: Musical Instruments. New York: Irving Squire, 1910.

Apel, Paul H. The Message of Music. New York: Vantage Press, 1958.

Baker, Theo. Dictionary of Musical Terms. New York: Schirmer, 1923.

Barne, Kitty. Listening to the Orchestra. New York: The Bobbs-Merrill Co., 1946.

Blatter, Alfred. Instrumentation/Orchestration. New York: Longman Inc., 1980.

Borland, J. E., “The Brass Wind Instruments” in English music, 1604 to 1904: being the lectures given at the music loan exhibition of the Worshipful Company of Musicians, held at Fishmongers’ Hall, London Bridge, June-July, 1904. 2nd ed. London: The Walter Scott Publishing Co., 1911.

Burton, Stephen Douglas. Orchestration. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1982.

Campbell, Patricia J. “Musical Instruments in the Instrumentälischer Bettlermantl–A Seventeenth-Century Musical Compendium” The Galpin Society Journal, Vol. 48 (March 1995), 156-167.

Case, George. “Correspondence: The Sackbut: Its Evolution and History” The Musical Times, Vol. 48, No. 768 (Feb. 1, 1907), 110.

Chafe, Eric Thomas. The Church Music of Heinrich Biber. Ann Arbor, MI: UMI Research Press, 1987.

Cobb, Irvin S. Cobb’s Bill of Fare. Illustrated by Peter Newel and James Preston. New York: George H. Doran Co., 1913.

Copland, Aaron. What to Listen for in Music. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1939.

Dickinson, Edward, ed. Who’s Who in the Orchestra (vol. XI in Dickinson, Edward, ed. Fundamentals of Musical Art). New York: The Caxton Institute, 1927.

Drury, Paul. Bolsover Castle. London: English Heritage, 2014.

Elson, Arthur. Orchestral Instruments and Their Use. Boston: The Page Co., 1902.

Elson, Louis S. Elson’s Music Dictionary. Boston: Oliver Ditson Company, 1905.

Forsyth, Cecil. Orchestration, 2nd ed. London: Macmillan and Co., 1949 (1st ed. 1914).

Gardner, Maurice. The Orchestrator’s Handbook. Great Neck, NY: The Staff Music Pub. Co., 1948.

Gilson, Paul. Le Tutti Orchestral. 2nd ed. Brussels: Schott Fréres, 1921 (1st ed. 1913).

Haas, Carl. Inside Music: How to Understand, Listen to, and Enjoy Good Music. Garden City, New York: Doubleday & Company, 1984.

Harman, Carter. A Popular History of Music. New York: Dell Publishing Co., 1956.

Heacox, Arthur Edward. Project Lessons in Orchestration. Philadelphia: Oliver Ditson Co., 1928.

Howes, Frank. Full Orchestra. London: Secker & Warburg, 1945.

Keillor, Garrison, “The Young Lutheran’s Guide to the Orchestra” in Lake Wobegon Loyalty Days: A Recital for Mixed Baritone and Orchestra. Minnesota Public Radio: Virgin, 1989.

Kelley, Edgar Stillman. Musical Instruments. Boston: Oliver Ditson Company, 1925.

Kennan, Kent Wheeler. The Technique of Orchestration. New York: Prentice-Hall, 1952.

Kolodin, Irving. The Composer as Listener. New York: Horizon Press, 1958.

Lévi-Strauss, Claude. The Jealous Potter. Trans. Bénédicte Chorier. Chicago, Ill: Univ. of Chicago Press, 1988.

Lincoln, Joseph Crosby. Cape Cod Ballads and Other Verse. Trenton, NJ: A. Brandt, 1902.

Lovelock, William. The Elements of Orchestral Arrangement. London: G. Bell and Sons, 1968.

Mahler, Gustav, Richard Strauss, and Herta Blaukopf. Gustav Mahler and Richard Strauss: Correspondence, 1888-1911. Trans. Edmund Jephcott. London: Faber, 1984.

Mason, Daniel. The Orchestral Instruments and What They Do: A Primer for Concert-Goers. New York: The H. W. Gray Co., 1908.

McKay, George Frederick. Creative Orchestration. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, Inc., 1963.

Newman, William S. Understanding Music: A New Introduction to Music’s Elements, Styles, and Forms—for Both the Layman and the Practitioner. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1953.

Piston, Walter. Orchestration. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1955.

Rimsky-Korsakov, Nicolay Andreyevich. My Musical Life. Trans. Judah A. Joffe. London: Faber and Faber, 1989 (original publication 1909).

Rogers, Bernard. The Art of Orchestration: Principles of Tone Color in Modern Scoring. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, Inc., 1951.

Schwartz, H. W. The Story of Musical Instruments. New York: Doubleday, Doran & Co., 1938.

Shatzkin, Merton. Writing for the Orchestra: An Introduction to Orchestration. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1993.

Spaeth, Sigmund. The Art of Enjoying Music. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1933.

Stravisnky, Igor and Robert Craft. Conversations with Igor Stravinsky. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1958.

Wagner, Joseph. Orchestration: A Practical Approach. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1959.

Westrup, J. A. “The Misuse of the Trombone” The Musical Times, Vol. 66, No. 988 (Jun, 1925), 524-525.

Widor, Charles Marie. The Technique of Modern Orchestration: A Manual of Practical Orchestration. Trans. Edward Suddard. London: Joseph Williams, 1906.

Winkler, Max. A Penny from Heaven. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, Inc., 1951.


Allsop, Peter. Cavalier Giovanni Battista Buonamente: Franciscan Violinist. Aldershot, Hants, England: Ashgate, 2005.

Allsop, Peter. “Secular Influences in the Bolognese Sonata da Chiesa.” Proceedings of the Royal Musical Association, Vol. 104 (1977-78), 89-100.

Alonso Cano y su época [catálogo de exposiciones]: Granada, 14-17 de febrero de 2002. Albolote: Comares, 2002.

Angelis, Maria de. Isidoro Bianchi. Bergamo: Edizioni Bolis, 1993.

Apel, Willi, and Thomas Binkley. Italian Violin Music of the Seventeenth Century. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1990.

Arnold, Denis. “Alessandro Grandi, A Disciple of Monteverdi.” The Musical Quarterly, Vol. 43, No. 2 (Apr., 1957), 171-186.

Arnold, Denis. Giovanni Gabrieli and the Music of the Venetian High Renaissance. London: Oxford University Press, 1979.

Arnold, Denis. “Instruments and Instrumental Teaching in the Early Italian Conservatories.” The Galpin Society Journal, Vol. 18 (Mar 1965), 72-81.

Arnold, Denis. “Orchestras in Eighteenth-Century Venice.” The Galpin Society Journal, Vol. 19 (April, 1966), 3-19.

Artioli, Nerio. Gli affreschi della Ghiara in Reggio Emilia. Milano: Silvana Editoriale d’Arte, 1970.

Atlas, Allan W. “Aragonese Naples” in Man and Music: The Renaissance from the 1470s to the End of the 16th Century. London: Macmillan Press, 1989.

Atlas, Allan W. Music at the Aragonese Court of Naples. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985.

Baines, Anthony. Brass Instruments: Their History and Development. New York: Scribner, 1978.

Baines, Anthony. “James Talbot’s Manuscript (Christ Church Library Music MS 1187) I. Wind Instruments.” The Galpin Society Journal, Vol. 1 (March, 1948), 9-26.

Baines, Anthony. “Two Cassel Inventories.” The Galpin Society Journal, Vol. 4 (June, 1951), 30-38.

Baker, Geoffrey. Imposing Harmony: Music and Society in Colonial Cuzco. Durham and London: Duke University Press, 2008.

Baker, Geoffrey. “Music at Corpus Christi in colonial Cuzco.” Early Music (August 2004), 355-367.

Baldauf-Berdes, Jane L. Women Musicians of Venice: Musical Foundations, 1525-1855. Oxford: Claredon Press, 1993.

Ballester, Jordi. “Music in the 16th-century Catalan painting.” Music in Art: International Journal for Music Iconography, Vol. 31, No. 1-2 (2006), 133-142.

Bandera Gregori, Luisa, Andrea Foglia, and Luciano Roncai. Sant’Abbondio in Cremona: la chiesa, il chiostro, la santa casa. Piacenza, Italy:, 1990.

Banks, Jon. “Performing the Instrumental Music in the Segovia Codex.” Early Music, Vol. 27, No. 2 (May, 1999), 294-309.

Barbieri, Patrizio, “An Assessment of Musicians and Instrument-Makers in Rome During Handel’s Stay: The 1708 Grand Taxation.” Early Music, Vol. 37, No. 4 (Nov., 2009): 597-619, 709-710.

Barclay, Robert, “Design, technology and manufacture before 1800” in The Cambridge Companion to Brass Instruments, ed. Trevor Herbert and John Wallace. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

Baroncini, Rodolfo. “Zorzi Trombetta and the Band of Piffari and Trombones of the Serenissima: New Documentary Evidence.” Trans. Hugh Ward-Perkins. Historic Brass Society Journal Vol. 14 (2002), 59-82.

Bartlett, Clifford and Peter Holman. “Giovanni Gabrieli: A Guide to the Performance of His Instrumental Music.” Early Music, Vol. 3, No. 1 (Jan., 1975), 25-32.

Bate, Philip. The Trumpet and Trombone: An Outline of their History, Development and Construction. London: Ernest Benn Limited, 1966.

Belán, Kyra. Madonna from Medieval to Modern. New York: Parkstone Press, 2001.

Benati, Daniele, Fausto Gozzi, Carlo Bonone, and Cesare Gennari. Guercino e la musica: opere di Carlo Bononi, Guercino e Cesare Gennari. Bologna: Damiani Editore, 2014.

Berenson, Bernard. Lorenzo Lotto: Complete Edition with 400 Illustrations. New York: Phaidon Publishers/Garden City Books, 1956.

Bermúdez, Egberto. “The Ministriles Tradition in Latin America: Part One: South America 1. The Cases of Santafé (Colombia) and La Plata (Bolivia) in the Seventeenth Century.” Historic Brass Society Journal, vol. 11, 1999.

Bergquist, Peter and Orlando di Lasso. Motets for three to twelve voices from Magnum opus musicum (Munich, 1604). Middleton, Wis: A-R Editions, 2006.

Bessaraboff, Nicholas. Ancient European Musical Instruments: An Organological Study of the Musical Instruments in the Leslie Lindsey Mason Collection at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1941.

Bettley, “‘L’Ultima Hora Canonica Del Giorno’: Music for the Office of Compline in Northern Italy in the Second Half of the Sixteenth Century.” Music & Letters, Vol. 74, No. 2 (May, 1993) 163-214.

Bevan, Clifford, ed. Musical Instrument Collections in the British Isles. Winchester, England: Piccolo Press, 1990.

Blackburn, Bonnie J. Composition, Printing and Performance: Studies in Renaissance Music. Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing Co., 2000).

Blackburn, Bonnie J. “Music and Festivities at the Court of Leo X: A Venetian View.” Early Music History, Vol. 11 (1992) 1-37.

Bohn, Babette. Ludovico Carracci and the Art of Drawing. Turnhout: Harvey Miller, 2004.

Bonta, Stephen, “From Violone to Violoncello: A Question of Strings?” in Studies in Italian Sacred and Instrumental Music in the 17th Century. Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing, 2003.

Bonta, Stephen. “The use of instruments in the ensemble canzona and sonata in Italy, 1580-1650” in Studies in Italian Sacred and Instrumental Music in the 17th Century. Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing, 2003.

Bonta, Stephen. “The use of instruments in sacred music in Italy 1560-1700” in Studies in Italian Sacred and Instrumental Music in the 17th Century. Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing, 2003.

Bouckaert, Bruno and Eugeen Schreurs, “Hans Nagel, Performer and Spy in England and Flanders (c. 1490-1531)” in Tielman Susato and the Music of His Time. Ed. Keith Polk. Hillsdale, NY: Pendragon Press, 2005.

Bovet, Charles-Henri, and Dominique Curchod. Musiques de Romandie. Lausanne, Suisse: Pierre-Marcel Favre, 1985.

Bowers, Roger, “The Liturgy of the Cathedral and its Music, c. 1075-1642” in A History of Canterbury Cathedral. Ed. Patrick Collinson, Nigel Ramsay, and Margaret Sparks. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995.

Bowles, Edmund A. Musical Ensembles in Festival Books, 1500-1800: An Iconographical & Documentary Survey. Ann Arbor, MI: UMI Research Press, 1989.

Bowles, Edmund A. “Music in Court Festivals of State: Festival Books as Sources for Performance Practices.” Early Music, Vol. 28, No. 3 (August, 2000), 421-443.

Bowles, Edmund A. Musikleben im 15. Jahrhundert. Leipzig: Deutscher Verlag für Musik, 1977.

Bowles, Edmund A. The Timpani: A History in Pictures and Documents. Hillsdale, NY: Pendragon Press, 2002.

Boyd, Morrison Comegys. Elizabethan Music and Musical Criticism, 2nd edition. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1973.

Boydell, Barra, “Cathedral Music, City and State: Music in Reformation and Political Change at Christ Church Cathedral, Dublin” in Music and Musicians in Renaissance Cities and Towns, Fiona Kisby, ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Boydell, Barra. The Crumhorn and Other Renaissance Windcap Instruments: A Contribution to Renaissance Organology. Buren, The Netherlands: Uitgeverij Frits Knuf b.v., 1982.

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