Alto Trombone History Bibliography

Bibliography of historical sources cited in Alto Trombone History Timeline. Readers are encouraged to read the sources themselves and get full context for timeline entries!



Albrechtsberger, Johann Georg. J. G. Albrechtsberger’s Collected Writings on Thorough-bass, Harmony, and Composition. Ed. Ignaz von Seyfried, Trans. Sabilla Novello. London: Novello, Ewer and Co., 1855.

Albrechtsberger, Johann Georg. Sämmtliche Schriften über Generalbass. Trans. Arnold Merrick. London: R. Cock, 1844.

Adler, Samuel. The Study of Orchestration. New York: W.W. Norton and Co., 1982.

Avins, Styra and Josef Eisinger, “Six Unpublished Letters from Johannes Brahms” in For the Love of Music: Festschrift in Honor of Theodore Front, ed. Darwin F. Scott. Lucca, Italy: Lim antiqua, 2002.

Bailey, Geo. W. Catalogue of Musical Merchandise. Providence, Rhode Island, n.d. University of California, Santa Barbara, Romaine Trade Catalog Collection: Trade Catalogs of Music.

Barrett, William Alexander. An Introduction to Form and Instrumentation. London: Rivingtons, 1879.

Baynes, Thomas Spencer, ed. Encyclopaedia Britannica: A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, and General Literature. 9th ed. Edinburgh, Scotland: A & C Black, 1888.

Beethoven, Ludwig van, Alfred Christlieb Kalischer, J. S. Shedlock, and A. Eaglefield Hull. Beethoven’s Letters. New York: Dover Publications, 1972.

Bennett, Joseph. Forty Years of Music, 1865-1905. London: Metheun & Co., 1908.

Berlioz, Hector. A Treatise on Modern Instrumentation and Orchestration: to Which is Appended the Chef d’Orchestre. Trans. Mary Cowden Clarke. London: Novello, 1858.

Blatter, Alfred. Instrumentation/Orchestration. New York: Longman Inc., 1980.

Borland, J. E., “The Brass Wind Instruments” in English music, 1604 to 1904: being the lectures given at the music loan exhibition of the Worshipful Company of Musicians, held at Fishmongers’ Hall, London Bridge, June-July, 1904. 2nd ed. London: The Walter Scott Publishing Co., 1911.

Brossard, Sébastien de. Dictionnaire de Musique. Trans. Albion Gruber. Henryville, PA: Institute of Mediaeval Music, 1982.

Bruno & Son. Illustrated Catalogue, C. Bruno & Son, Importers and Wholesale Dealers in Musical Instruments. New York: C. Bruno & Son, 1886.

Busch and Dodworth. Band Instruments [catalog]. New York: Busch and Dodworth, 1880.

Cerveny & Sohn. Musik-Anzeiger K.u.k. Musik-Instrumenten-Fabrik. Koniggratz, Bohemia: Cerveny & Sohne, 1897. University of California, Santa Barbara, Romaine Trade Catalog Collection: Trade Catalogs of Music.

Chickering & Sons. Catalogue of the Exhibition, Horticultural Hall, Boston, January 11 to 26, 1902. Boston: The Barta press, 1902.

Clappé, Arthur A. The Band Teacher’s Assistant or, Complete and Progressive Band Instructor. Comprising the Rudiments of Music, and Many Valuable Hints on Band Topics, with Charts Showing Compass of All Instruments … ; Also, a Condensed Score of a Series of Progressive Lessons, Scales, Chords and Exercises. New York: Carl Fischer, 1888.

Clappé, Arthur A. The Wind-Band and Its Instruments; Their History, Construction, Acoustics, Technique and Combination, for Bandmasters, Bandsmen, Students and the General Reader. New York: H. Holt and Co., 1911.

Claus, J. B. “The Structure of the Orchestra,” part 6, Musical Herald, vol. 5, no. 9 (Sept 1884), 219.

Clodomir, P. Manuel complet du chef-directeur “harmonie et fanfare” à l’usage des exècutants, ou Traité de l’organisation des sociétes musicales, 6th ed. Paris: A. Leduc, 1889.

Coon, Oscar. Harmony and Instrumentation: The Principles of Harmony with Practical Instruction in Arranging Music for Orchestras and Military Bands. Cincinnati, OH: A. Squire, 1883.

Corder, Frederick. The Orchestra and How to Write for It: A Practical Guide to Every Branch of Modern Orchestration. London: R. Cocks & Co., 1896.

Daubeny, Ulric. Orchestral Wind Instruments Ancient and Modern: Being an Account of the Origin and Evolution of Wind Instruments from the Earliest to the Most Recent Times. London: The New Temple Press, 1920.

Day, Charles Russell and David James Blaikley. A Descriptive Catalogue of Musical Instruments Recently Exhibited at the Royal Military Exhibition, London, 1890. London: Eyre & Spottiswoode, 1891.

Del Mar, Norman. Conducting Beethoven. Oxford: Claredon Press, 1992.

Distin, Henry (Henry Distin Manufacturing Company). A Complete Line of Highest Grade Band Instruments & Cornets. Philadelphia, PA: Henry Distin Manufacturing Company, n.d. University of California, Santa Barbara, Romaine Trade Catalog Collection: Trade Catalogs of Music.

Dodworth, Allen. Dodworth’s Brass Band School: Containing Instructions in the First Principles of Music…New York: Dodworth & Co., 1853.

Eisel, Johann Philipp. Musicus autodidactos, oder der sich selbst informirende Musicus. Erfurt, Germany: Johann Michael Funcken, 1738.

Elson, Arthur. Orchestra Instruments and Their Use. Boston, MA: The Page Company, 1922.

Elson, Louis Charles. Elson’s Music Dictionary. Boston: Oliver Ditson Company, 1905.

Elson, Louis Charles, ed. Famous Composers and Their Works, vol. 2. Boston: J. B. Millet Company, 1900.

Elson, Louis Charles. The Theory of Music: As Applied to the Teaching and Practice of Voice and Instruments. Boston: New England Conservatory of Music, 1890.

Ergo, Emile. Dans les propylées de l’instrumentation. Anvers: La libr. néerlandaise, 1908

Evans, Edwin. Method of Instrumentation: How to Write for the Orchestra and Arrange an Orchestral or Band Score. London: The New Temple Press, 1926.

Fetis, F. J. “A Manual for Composers, Musical Directors, Leaders of Orchestras, & Bandsmen” in The Musical World: A Journal of Music, the Drama, Literature, Fine Arts, Foreign Intelligence, &c., and Complete Record of the theatres and the Concert Room, vol. XLV (1867), 477-478.

Forsyth, Cecil. Orchestration. London: Macmillan and Co., 1914.

Galli, Amintore. Strumenti e Strumentazione. Milan: Sonzogno, 1897.

Gevaert, François-Auguste. Traité général d’instrumentation, exposé méthodique des principes de cet art dans leur application à l’orchestre, à la musique d’harmonie et de fanfares, etc. Gand: Gevaert, 1863.

Gleich, Ferdinand. Handbuch der modernen Instrumentirung für Orchester und Militairmusikcorps mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der kleineren Orchester, sowie der Arrangements von Bruchstücken größerer Werke für dieselben u. der Tanzmusik. Leipzig: C. F. Kahnt, 1853.

Hartman. Méthode elémentaire de trombonne: contenant les principes de musique, tablatures, gammes, exercices, leçons preparatoires, dix airs et 24 duos des operas les plus célèbres. Paris: Schonenberger, c. 1840.

Haynes, John C. Catalogue. Boston, MA: John C. Haynes & Co., 1887. University of California, Santa Barbara, Romaine Trade Catalog Collection: Trade Catalogs of Music.

Haynes, John C. & Co. Illustrated Catalogue of Musical Instruments, Strings, and Trimmings of Foreign & American Manufacture. Boston, MA: John C. Haynes & Co., 1884.

Henderson, William James. The Orchestra and Orchestral Music. Toronto: George N. Morang & Co., 1899.

Hofmann, Richard. Practical Instrumentation. Trans. Robin H. Legge. London: Augener & Co. (original Dürffling & Franke, Leipzig), 1893.

Hogarth, George. “Musical Instruments: The Trumpet, Trombone, Serpent, and Ophicleide” The Musical World: A Weekly Record of Musical Science, Literature, and Intelligence. XLIX, vol. 4 (Feb. 17, 1837), 129-133.

Hunter, Robert. The Encyclopaedic Dictionary: A New and Original Work of Reference to All the Words in the English Language, with a Full Account of their Origin, Meaning, Pronunciation. London: Cassell, 1879-1888.

Jadassohn, Salomon. A Course of Instruction in Instrumentation. Trans. Harry P. Wilkins. Leipzig: Breitkopf and Härtel, 1899.

Kastner, Georges. Les Danses de Morts: dissertations et recherches historiques, philosophiques, littéraires et musicales... Paris: Brandus, 1852.

Kastner, Georges. Manuel Général de Musique Militaire a l’Usage des Armées Françaises. Paris: Typographie de Firmin Didot Fréres, Imprimeurs de l’Institut de France, 1848 (Geneva: Minkoff Reprint, 1973).

Kastner, George, and Patricia Jovanna Woodward.  Jean-Georges Kastner’s Traité Général d’Instrumentation: A Translation and Commentary. Thesis (M.M.) University of North Texas, 2003.

Kessels, M.J.H. Catalogue de la Manufacture Royale d’Instruments de Musique. Tilburg, The Netherlands: Kessels, 1899.

Lacál, Luisa. Diccionario de la música, téchico, histórico, bio-bibliográfico. Madrid: San Francisco de Sales, 1899.

La Fage, Adrien de, “Trombone” in Encyclopédie des gens du monde répertoire universel des sciences, des lettres et des arts; avec des notices sur les principales familles historiques et sur les personnages célèbres, morts et vivans. Paris: Treuttel et Würtz, 22 vol., 1833-1844.

Lavignac, Albert. La Musique et les Musiciens: Ouvrage Contenant 94 figures et 510 exemples en musique. Paris: Librairie Ch. Delagrave, 1895.

“The Leeds Festival,” The Musical Standard. October 20, 1883, 240.

Lyon & Healy. Lyon & Healy’s Catalogue of Band Instruments. Chicago: Lyon & Healy, 1878. Accessible at Metropolitan Museum of Art Libraries.

Lyon & Healy. Lyon & Healy Band Instruments, Uniforms, Trimmings &c. Chicago: Lyon & Healy, 1880.

Lyon & Healy. Lyon & Healy’s New and Enlarged Catalogue of Band Instruments. Chicago: Lyon & Healy, 1894.

Macdonald, Hugh. Berlioz’s Orchestration Treatise: A Translation and CommentaryCambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.

Majer, Joseph Friedrich Bernhard Caspar. Museum musicum. Schwäbisch Hall, Germany: Majer, 1732 (facsimile edition Kassel: Bärenreiter, 1954).

Mandel, Charles. A Treatise on the Instrumentation of Military Bands; Describing the Character and Proper Employment of Every Musical Instrument Used in Reed Bands. London: Boosey and Sons, 1859.

Mayerhoff, Franz. Instrumentenlehre, vol. 2. Berlin: G. J. Göschen, 1913.

Mahillon, Victor-Charles. Le matériel sonore des orchestres de symphonie, d’harmonie et de fanfares: ou Vade mecum du compositeur suivi d’une échelle acoustique permettant de calculer très facilement la longueur théorique de tous les instruments à vent à un diapason quelconque. 1st ed. Brussels: Mahillon, 1897.

Milwaukee Daily Sentinel, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, February 17, 1852.

Montgomery Ward & Co. Catalogue and Buyer’s Guide. No. 57, Spring and Summer, 1895. New York: Dover Publications, 1969.

A New and Complete Dictionary of Arts and Sciences; Comprehending All Branches of Useful Knowledge. London: Printed for W. Owen, 1763.

Niecks, Frederick. A Concise Dictionary of Musical Terms: To Which is Prefixed an Introduction to the Elements of Music. London: Augener, 1884.

Niedt, Friederich Erhardt. The Musical Guide (Die Musicalische Handleitung). Trans. Pamela L. Poudin and Irmgard C. Taylor. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989.

Novello, Vincent. A Mozart Pilgrimage: Being the Travel Diaries of Vincent and Mary Novello in the Year 1829. Transcribed and compiled by Nerina Medici di Marignano; edited by Rosemary Hughes. London: Ernst Eulenburg Ltd., 1975.

The Ohio Observer, Hudson, Ohio, January 19, 1843; p 12; Issue 3.

Olker, Pierre V. The Musician’s Hand and Text Book: Being a Theory on the Fundamental Laws of Music, and a Preparatory Study for Harmony and Composition. Quincy, IL: Volk, Johes & McMein, 1889.

Parker, Horatio, “Some Orchestral Conditions” The Atlantic Monthly, vol. CXIX (April 1917) 485-490.

Pochhammer, Adolph. Einführung in die Musik. Frankfurt: Verlag von H. Bechhold, 1897.

Praetorius, Michael. Syntagma musicum, Band II: De Organographia. Facsimile edition. Documenta musicologica, 14. Kassel: Bärenreiter, 1958.

Praetorius, Michael. Syntagma musicum, Band III: Termini musiciFacsimile edition. Documenta musicologica, 15. Kassel: Bärenreiter, 1958.

Praetorius, Michael. Syntagma Musicum II: De Organographia, Parts I and II. Trans. and ed. David Z. Crookes. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1986.

Praetorius, Michael, and Hans Lampl. A Translation of Syntagma Musicum III by Michael Praetorius. Thesis (D.M.A.), University of Southern California, 1957.

Praetorius, Michael. Syntagma Musicum III.  Trans. and ed. Jeffery T. Kite-Powell. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004.

Prout, Ebenezer. Instrumentation. London: Novello, Ewer and Co., 1877.

Prout, Ebenezer. The Orchestra, Vol. 1, Technique of the Instruments. London: Augener Ltd., 1897.

The Raleigh News and Observer, Raleigh, North Carolina, October 1, 1882; Issue 159.

Riemann, Hugo. Dictionary of Music. Trans. J. S. Shedlock. London: Augener & Co., 1899 (Original: Musik-Lexikon, Leipzig, 1882).

Riemann, Hugo. Handbuch der Musikinstrumente (Kleine Instrumentationslehre). Berlin: Max Hesses Verlag, 1919.

Riviere, Jules. My Musical Life and Recollections. London: Sampson Low, Marston & Co., 1893.

Rose, Algernon. Talks with Bandsmen: A Popular Handbook for Brass Instrumentalists. London: William Rider, 1895.

Saro, Heinrich. Instrumentations-Lehre für Militair-Musik. Leipzig: C. F. Leede, 1883.

Scherchen, Herman. Handbook of Conducting. Trans M.D. Calvocoressi. Oxford University Press, 1989 (original 1933).

Schilling, Gustav. Lehrbuch der allgemeinen Musikwissenschaft, oder dessen, was Jeder, der Musik treibt oder lernen will nothwendig wissen muss: nach einer neuen Methode, zum Selbstunterricht, und als Leitfaden bei allen Arten von praktischem wie theoretischem Musikunterricht. Karlsruhe: Christian Theodor Groos, 1840.

Schroeder, Carl. Handbook of Conducting. Trans. and ed. John Matthews. London: Augener, 1889.

Schubert, Franz Ludwig. Die Instrumentalmusik in ihrer Theorie und ihrer Praxis: oder, Die Hauptformen und Tonwerkzeuge der Concert-, Kammer-, Militär- und Tanzmusik. Leipzig: Verlag von Moritz Schäfer, 1865.

Schubert, Franz Ludwig. Katechismus der musik-instrumente. Leipzig: J.J. Weber, 1862.

Sears and Roebuck. 1897 Sears & Roebuck Catalogue. New York: Chelsea House Publishers, 1968.

Sears and Roebuck. 1908 Sears & Roebuck Catalogue No. 117: The Great Price Maker. Chicago, IL: The Gun Digest Co., 1969.

Sears and Roebuck. Consumers Guide: Fall 1900. Northfield, IL: DBI Books, 1970.

Shatzkin, Merton. Writing for the Orchestra: An Introduction to OrchestrationEnglewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1993.

Shaw, George Bernard. Music in London, 1890-1894. London: Constable and Co., 1932.

Shaw, Geroge Bernard, Dan H. Laurence, and Margot Peters. “Unconscionable Abuses” in Unpublished Shaw. Shaw, v. 16. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1996.

Silvani and Smith. [Price List]. London: Silvani and Smith, 1885. University of California, Santa Barbara, Romaine Trade Catalog Collection: Trade Catalogs of Music.

Speer, Daniel. Vierfaches Musikalisches Kleeblatt. (Ulm, Germany, 1697) in Howey, Henry Eugene, “A Comprehensive Performance Project in Trombone Literature with an Essay Consisting of a Translation of Daniel Speer’s Vierfaches Musikalisches Kleeblatt.” DMA diss, University of Iowa, 1971.

Stravisnky, Igor and Robert Craft. Conversations with Igor Stravinsky. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1958.

Stone, William H., “Trombone” in Sir George Grove, A Dictionary of Music and Musicians, 1st ed. (176-178). London: Macmillan and Co., 1879-1890.

Sudre, François. [Catalog]. Supplement to l’Instrumentiste, Paris: July 1888.

Thibouville-Lamy, Jérome. [Catalog]. Paris: Thibouville-Lamy, 1878.

Thibouville-Lamy, Jérome. [Catalog]. Paris: Thibouville-Lamy, 1887. University of California, Santa Barbara, Romaine Trade Catalog Collection: Trade Catalogs of Music.

Tovey, Donald Francis. The Forms of Music. New York: Meridian Books, 1956.

Trapp, Herman. Musikinstrumenten-und Saitenfabrik. [Catalog]. Wildstein, Germany: Herman Trapp, 1895. University of California, Santa Barbara, Romaine Trade Catalog Collection: Trade Catalogs of Music.

Vincent, Charles. Scoring for an Orchestra. London: Vincent Music Co., 1897.

Waud, A.R. “The Moravians at Bethlehem, Pennsylvania,” engraving in Harper’s Weekly. Vol. 4, No. 18 (1874), 346.

White, William C. Military Band Arranging. Boston: Carl Fischer, 1924

Widor, Charles Marie. The Technique of Modern Orchestration: A Manual of Practical Orchestration. Trans. Edward Suddard. London: Joseph Williams, 1906.


Allsop, Peter. Cavalier Giovanni Battista Buonamente: Franciscan Violinist. Aldershot, Hants, England: Ashgate, 2005.

Baines, Anthony. Brass Instruments: Their History and Development.

Baines, Anthony. “Two Cassel Inventories” The Galpin Society Journal, Vol. 4 (June, 1951), 30-38.

Bate, Philip. The Trumpet and Trombone: An Outline of their History, Development and Construction. London: Ernest Benn Limited, 1966.

Bessaraboff, Nicholas. Ancient European Musical Instruments: An Organological Study of the Musical Instruments in the Leslie Lindsey Mason Collection at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1941.

Boydell, Barra. The Crumhorn and Other Windcap Instruments: A Contribution to Renaissance Organology. Buren, The Netherlands: Uitgeverij Frits Knuf b. v., 1982.

Buelow, George J. “Protestant North Germany” in Music and Society: The Early Baroque Era from the late 16th Century to the 1660s, ed. Curtis Price. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1993.

Burgers, Jacqueline. In de Vier Winden: de prentuitgeverij van Hieronymus Cock 1507/10-1570 te Antwerpen : uit de collectie tekeningen en prenten. Rotterdam: Museum Boymans-Van Beuningen, 1988.

Campbell, Patricia J. “Musical Instruments in the Instrumentälischer Bettlermantl–A Seventeenth-Century Musical Compendium” The Galpin Society Journal, Vol. 48 (March 1995), 156-167.

Carse, Adam. The Adam Carse Collection of Old Musical Wind Instruments. London: London County Council, 1951.

Carse, Adam. The Orchestra from Beethoven to Berlioz: A History of the Orchestra in the First Half of the 19th Century, and of the Develoopment of Orchestral Baton-Conducting. Cambridge: W. Heffer & Sons, 1948.

Carse, Adam. “The Prince Regent’s Band.” Music & Letters, Vol. 27, No. 3 (Jul., 1946), 147-155.

Carter, Stewart. “Trombone Obbligatos in Viennese Oratorios of the Baroque” Historic Brass Society Journal, vol. 2, issue 1 (1990), 52-77.

Carter, Stewart. The Trombone in the Renaissance: A History in Pictures and Documents. Hillsdale, NY: Pendragon Press, 2012.

Castellani, Marcello. “A 1593 Veronese Inventory” The Galpin Society Journal, Vol. 26 (May, 1973) 15-24.

Chase, Robert. Dies Irae: A Guide to Requiem Music. Lanham, MD: The Scarecrow Press, 2003.

Collver, Michael and Bruce Dickey. A Catalog of Music for the Cornett. Bloomington,IN: Indiana University Press, 1996.

Dart, Thurston. The Interpretation of Music. New York: Harper & Row, 1954.

Downey, Peter, “From the Rim to the Hub: Fortuna’s Wheel and Instrumental Music at the German-Speaking Renaissance Courts” in Stewart Carter, ed., Perspectives in Brass Scholarship: Proceedings of the International Historic Brass Symposium, 1995. Stuyvesant, NY: Pendragon Press, 1998.

Eisen, Cliff, “Mozart’s Salzburg Orchestras.” Early Music, Vol. 20, No. 1, Performing Mozart’s Music II (Feb., 1992), 89-103.

Gombosi, Marilyn. A Day of Solemn Thanksgiving: Moravian Music for the Fourth of July, 1783, in Salem, North Carolina. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1977.

Gregory, Robin. The Trombone: The Instrument and its Music. London: Faber and Faber, 1973.

Guion, David. The Trombone: Its History and Music, 1697-1811. New York: Gordon and Breach, 1988.

Haine, Malou. Catalogue des instruments Sax au Musée instrumental de Bruxelles. Bruxelles: Musée instrumental, 1980.

Herbert, Trevor and Arnold Myers. “Instruments of the Cyfarthfa Band” The Galpin Society Journal, Vol. 41 (Oct 1988), 2-10.

Herbert, Trevor, “Susato’s Colleagues: the Trombonists of the Tudor Court” In Tielman Susato and the Music of His Time. Ed. Keith Polk. Hillsdale, NY: Pendragon Press, 2005.

Herbert, Trevor. The Trombone. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2006.

Heyde, Herbert. “The Brass Instrument Collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York” Historic Brass Society Journal, Vol. 11 (1999), 113-139.

Jackson, Roland John. Performance Practice: A Dictionary-Guide for Musicians. New York: Routledge, 2005.

Kölnisches Stadtmuseum, Die Musikinstrumentensammlung des Kölnischen Stadtmuseums. Köln: Das Museum, 1993.

Kresser. 12 Quatours en deux Suites für Kornette (Kornette und Alt-Posaune). Ed. and arr. Edward H. Tarr. Cologne: Wolfgang G. Haas Musikverlag Köln, 2005.

Libin, Laurence. American Musical Instruments in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: W. W. Norton, 1985.

Mansfield, Orlando A. “Some Anomalies in Orchestral Accompaniments to Church Music” The Musical Quarterly, vol. 2, no. 2 (April, 1916), 199-209.

Massip, Catherine, and Cecile Reynaud. Berlioz, la voix du romantisme. Paris: Bibliotheque nationale de France, 2003.

Moeck, Hermann. Fünf Jahrhunderte deutscher Musikinstrumentenbau: ein Jubiläumsbuch. Celle: Moeck, 1987.

Mola, Pier Francesco et al. Pier Francesco Mola, 1612-1666. Milan: Electa, 1989.

Moser, Hans Joachim. Heinrich Schütz: His Life and Work. Trans. Carl F. Pfatteicher. St. Louis: Concordia Publishing House, 1959.

Myers, Arnold, and Niles Eldredge, “The Brasswind Production of Marthe Besson’s London Factory,” The Galpin Society Journal (2006): 43-75.

Myers, Arnold, “Fingering Charts for the Cimbasso and Other Instruments,” The Galpin Society Journal, Vol. 39 (September, 1986), 134-136.

Myers, Arnold, “The Horn Function and Brass Instrument Character” in Perspectives in Brass Scholarship: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Historic Brass Instruments, Amherst, 1995. Ed. Stewart Carter. New York: Pendragon, 1997.

Oleskiewicz, Mary, “The Flute at Dresden: Ramifications for Eighteenth-Century Woodwind Performance in Germany” in From Renaissance to Baroque: Change in Instruments and Instrumental Music in the Seventeenth Century. Ed. Jonathan Wainwright and Peter Holman. Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing, 2005.

Peucker, Paul. “The Role and Development of Brass Music in the Moravian Church” in The Music of the Moravian Church in America, ed. Nola Reed Knouse. Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press, 2008.

Polk, Keith. German Instrumental Music of the Late Middle Ages. Cambridge, 1992.

Polk, Keith, “The Trombone in Archival Documents: 1350-1500,” International Trombone Association Journal 15 (1987), 25-31.

Poole, H. Edmund. “A Catalogue of Musical Instruments offered for sale in 1839 by D’Almaine & Co., 20 Solo Square.” The Galpin Society Journal, Vol. 35 (March, 1982), 2-36.

Przybyszewska-Jarminska , Barbara. The History of Music in Poland: The Baroque, part I: 1595-1696.Trans. John Comber. Warsaw: Sutkowski Edition Warsaw, 2002.

Salmen, Walter. “The Status of Brass Musicians as Dance Musicians in the Sixteenth to Eighteenth Centuries.” Trans. Howard Weiner. Historic Brass Society Journal 14 (2002), 193-213.

Saunders, Steven, “The Habsburg Court of Ferdinand II and the ‘Messa, Magnificat et Iubilate Deo a sette chori concertati con le trombone’ (1621) of Giovanni Valentini” Journal of the American Musicological Society, vol. 44, no. 3 (Autumn, 1991), pp. 359-403.

Selfridge-Field, Eleanor. “The Viennese court orchestra in the time of Caldara” in Antonio Caldara: Essays on his life and times, ed. Brian W. Pritchard. Brookfield, VT: Gower Publishing, 1987.

Smithers, Don L. “Mozart’s Orchestral Brass.” Early Music, vol. 20 no. 2 (May 1992) 255-265.

Terry, Charles Sanford. Bach’s Orchestra. London: Oxford University Press, 1932.

Thayer, Alexander. Thayer’s Life of Beethoven 1. Rev. and ed. by Elliot Forbes. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1967.

Thomas, T. Donley. “Michael Haydn’s ‘Trombone’ Symphony” Brass Quarterly. Vol. VI, no. 1 (Fall 1962), 3-8.

Weiner, Howard. “Andreas Nemetz’s Neueste Posaun-Schule: An Early Viennese Trombone Method.” Historic Brass Society Journal 7 (1995), 12-35.

Weiner, Howard. “André Braun’s Gamme et Méthode pour les Trombonnes: The Earliest Modern Trombone Method Rediscovered,” Historic Brass Society Journal 5 (1993), 288-308.

Weiner, Howard. “André Braun’s Gamme et Méthode pour les Trombonnes Revisited,” Historic Brass Society Journal 11 (1999), 93-106.

Weiner, Howard. “François René Gebauer’s 50 Leçons pour la Trombonne Basse, Alto & Tenor: The Earliest Book of Etudes for the Trombone,” Historic Brass Society Journal 11 (1999), 107-112.

Whitwell, David. The Baroque Wind Band and Wind Ensemble (The History and Literature of the Wind Band and Wind Ensemble, vol. 3). Northridge, CA: Winds, 1983.

Wigness, Robert C. The Soloistic Use of the Trombone in Eighteenth-Century Vienna. Nashville, TN: Brass Press, 1978.

Wills, Simon. “Frontiers or Byways? Brass Instruments in Avant-garde Music” in The Cambridge Companion to Brass Instruments, ed. Trevor Herbert and John Wallace. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.