Below is the latest addition to the Trombone History Timeline (17th century, first half). As you can see from the map I posted recently of Trombone Art in European Churches, there are quite a few examples in northern Italy. I will be adding the example shown below to the map and updating the map. Although I didn’t include it in the Timeline, in this separate blog post I have included a wider photo of the painting (the 2nd picture, in black and white) in order better show the context of the image.
1617-1622—Ferrara, Italy: Incoronazione della Vergine, a painting by Carlo Bononi in the basilica di Santa Maria in Vado, includes a lute and what appears to be a trombone (see below 2 images; public domain).